Archive for December, 2016


Poison Ivy Contagious

Poison ivy contains a chemical oil named urushiol, and the plant releases the oil when touched by someone. Urushiol is present in the leaves, roots and stem of the plant. It is said that many of the people are sensitive to this particular oil and they develop a rash if touched. People may suffer with some some allergic reaction when their body is exposed. The common question among many people that may arise is that, is poison ivy contagious. Just a simple rash is not contagious but when the rash is broken and touched by some one it is said to be contagious. Once the oil is absorbed and reached inside the skin you need not worry. Poison ivy contagious only when we get into contact with urushiol. This should be immediately treated to avoid the increase of rash on the body.

The symptoms of poison ivy are only the red rashes that appear on the body after one or two days of contact with the oil. A person is likely to develop severe allergic reaction if he is too sensitive. Several other symptoms that have been noticed are swelling on the face or eyes, breathing problem or swelling in the throat. If any of the symptoms are observed it is better to consult a doctor immediately for immediate medication. Besides medication, many natural methods can also be adopted for treating this rash as they have no side effects. After a lot of research, it has been discovered that Dermisil is the best and effective in treating poison ivy according to Dermisil helps in reducing the itching sensation and gives a soothing effect to the rash. It can be safely used to reduce the rashes and blisters.

Poison ivy is a plant and the rash that appears by touching the urushiol is also said to be poison ivy. Many people are unaware of whether it’s contagious or not. It’s wise to get rid of poison ivy. If a person develops any blister or rash due to poison ivy, he should wash that particular area of skin properly to avoid further spreading on the body. Many times others come into contact with out their knowledge and may be exposed to the resin. Those who are sensitive and are allergic develop this rash. As such poison ivy is not contagious unless and until your skin does not get into contact with it. People who are allergic are advised to keep away from this particular plant to avoid allergic reactions and rashes.


How is Honey Made in the Beehive

Honey is made and used by bees as a food source. The worker bees collect the sugar-rich nectar from flowers and transport the nectar in their honey stomachs to the hive.

Relaying it to the house bees, the bee nectar which differs in content for each species of plant, is processed by the house bees and filled into the comb cells.

Honey bees transform saccharides into honey by a process of regurgitation a number of times. The bees use their “honey stomachs” to ingest and regurgitate the nectar until it is partially digested. The bees regurgitate together as a group and digestion until the product reaches a desired quality.

It is then stored in honeycomb cells. However, the nectar is still high in both water content and natural yeasts, which, if not processed further, would cause the sugars in the nectar to ferment. The processing continues with the bees using their wings to fan the honey in the comb cells to further reduce evaporation. Once the honey reaches the correct consistency within the combs it’s sealed with a wax cap.

Composition and Properties

Honey can be from specific types of flower nectar or can be blended after collection. Most commercial honey is blended with two or more honeys differing in floral source, color, flavor, density or geographic origin.

Polyfloral honey is derived from the nectar of many types of flowers, also known as widflower honey.

When nectar is collected from a single plant for processing honey this is called monofloral honey. Different monofloral honeys have a distinctive flavor and color because of differences between their principal flower nectar sources.

To produce monofloral honey, beekeepers will place beehives in areas where the bees have access to only one type of flower. In reality, because of the difficulties of containing the bees, a small proportion of any honey will be from additional nectar from other flower types. Typical examples of North American monofloral honeys are clover, orange blossom, blueberry, sage, tupelo, buckwheat, fireweed, and sourwood.

All Nectar contains a small amount of pollen which is present on the anthers of plants when forage bees collect. Pollen can be detected under a microscope and it’s possible to identify the plants family, species and genus.


Instead of taking nectar, bees can take honeydew. Honeydew is the droplets of the sweet secretions of aphids or other plant sap-sucking insects, which hang on the flower in the morning, or from other parts of the plant such as the stalk, leaf or calyx.

This form of honey contains a high concentration of dust and yeasts particles and is very dark brown in color, with a rich fragrance of stewed fruit or fig jam. Honeydew is not as sweet as nectar honeys. Often sour and cloudy this type does not keep as long.

Honey is a strong supersaturated sugar solution. Ripe honey contains approximately 80% sugars and 20% water. The sugars crystallise eventually and the product takes on more of a solid form. Mostly monosaccharides such as fructose and glucose, if these sugars contain a higher concentration of glucose in comparison to fructose, the honey will crystallise sooner.

Before harvesting, some honey crystallises in the hive, but due to high hive temperatures, it takes longer for the honey to crystallise in the hive than after harvesting.


The unprocessed honey in the comb contains small amounts of pollen, wax, propolis and possibly some bee venom.

The amount of these substances depends on how long the honey is left in the comb. If the honey comes from combs previously used for brood, it will contain propolis from the membranes of cocoons.

However, only minimal amounts of pollen are contained in honey. Other particles that the flying bees have caught while in the air and combed off with the pollen are also present in minimal amounts in the honey.

Honey contains enzymes, biologically active substances from the bees’ saliva and stomach fluid, as well as short proteins or oligopeptides. Pure honey has very little vitamins, minerals, and spore elements.

However, if there is a lot of bee bread in the comb, this honey is a combination of honey and pollen. This ‘enriched’ honey contains, with addition nutrients in the pollen, a much higher amount of vitamins, minerals and biologically active substances.

What Happens Within the Beehive

Living within colonies, Bees collect various substances in nature for their own colonies uses and to feed the colony. Some substances are used for nesting material or for protection from predators and weather.

Bees also have an impact on the natural vegetation by cross-pollinating which leads to better fructification and to seed formation by flowers that produce fruits or seeds.

Collecting raw materials by gathering substances from the vegetation, adding substances and processing them, this process allows to serve as raw materials for other bee products. With the help of the honey bees specialised organs and glands, transforms the raw materials into new, and very different products.

When referring to a beehive, we make mention of both the bees and the whole nest. Bees collect substances from the vegetation and process these in the hive.

Since bees pass the collected substances on to each other in the hive (trophallaxis), substances from the bees’ own saliva, stomach fluids and gland secretions are continually added. Bee products can be made up of hundreds of different substances, since all bee products contain small amounts of other bee products, as a result of trophallaxis.

Colony Production

Honey bees collect the flowers nectar and make honey. This is stored on the top and on the outer walls of the hive as a food supply and raw material for wax and heating. Beeswax is made in their wax glands and the energy source and raw material used to make beeswax is honey. When the bees land on various flowers of one species, cross-pollination occurs. This leads to better fructification and larger seeds and fruits.

While sucking nectar out of a flower,  pollen from the stamens sticks to the chest hairs of the bee. The bee combs this off and rolls it into pollen pellets with its hind legs. Back at the hive, pollen loads are pushed into the honeycomb cells where they are processed further and ripened into bee bread. This occurs on the inside of the comb nest.

Products of the Beehive.

The young bees use secretions from their head glands to process bee bread into bee milk and royal jelly, which form together with the eggs and pupae, the so-called brood. Located in the combs on the top and inside of the bee bread, the brood is in the middle of the colony where it replaces the bee bread formerly stored in the combs that was removed to make bee milk. The bees that emerge from the brood are workers, queens and drones (the males).

The Workers make honey from nectar, clean the cells for the brood with propolis, make bee bread from pollen, and then in turn bee milk and royal jelly from the bee bread. The house bees sweat wax and make honeycomb out of it.

After their work in the hive is done the house bees become guard bees that guard the beehive with their stingers by injecting bee venom into the skin of an intruder.

The worker bees and the queen make bee venom in their venom gland, which is then stored in the venom sac located next to the stinger.

The guard bees finally become forager bees, which collect nectar and pollen. The bees also collect waxes, gums and resins from trees and plants, which they mix into propolis by adding beeswax and saliva. Propolis plays an important role in keeping the hive warm because it is used to seal up holes in the walls of the nest. Heat is a product of the hive and the warm air released from a hive (bee odour) has therapeutic value.

Sometimes water is collected for cooling. It is stored in the bees’ honey stomach. Only bee milk and brood contain a lot of moisture.The other bee products are dry or concentrated. Bees, bee swarms, new bee colonies and new queens are also products of the beehive.


Eye Disease: The stye

A stye is an infection of the glands of the eyelid that can occur at all ages but are most common in children and young people. Typically resolves with antibiotic ointments.

1. What is a stye?
Stye. Can affect both the upper and the lower eyelid. A stye is an infection of the glands of the eyelid that is characterized by redness, swelling and pain. It’s an abscess, as there is pus in the affected gland, and you see a yellowish spot.

May originate either in the upper lid and the bottom. The type of stye varies by type of glands that are affected.

2. The internal sty
When it affects the meibomian glands (inner lid) is relatively large and is called internal stye. To treat this apply hot wet compresses for fifteen minutes three or four times a day, followed by the application of eye ointment. If the stye is well-formed, it is necessary to exploit or make an incision. If you head out the incision be made through the skin.

3. The external sty
The external sty is smaller and is a superficial infection of the glands of Moll or Zeiss. Pain is the main symptom and its intensity varies with the degree of swelling of the eyelid. This type of stye always points toward the skin of the eyelid margin. The treatment is basically the same as for domestic.

4. Who is affected?
Styes are seen in all ages but are most common in children and young adults. They often appear repeatedly. They often are associated with blepharitis, bad general condition, anemia or diabetes.

5.  How to Treat

There are a few treatment options for you to get rid of styes, you can find home remedies for a stye here.


MAKE UP FOR EVER Halloween Make Up Tricks & Treats

Halloween is almost upon us pretties! I love Halloween and all of the makeup, don’t you? I will have the honor of turning three teenagers into the Kardashian sisters – think smokey eyes, sculpted cheeks and glossy nude lips; while I will be using some makeup to add camouflage to my sons face for his soldier costume, and use a lot of white and gray cream makeup to make up my other son into a Zombie.  I’ll be getting up before the crack of dawn on Friday so they can all go to school in costume, and then again on Sunday for actual Trick-or-Treating. But, I am not complaining because it is just so much fun.

If you need a bit of help in the makeup department when it comes to Halloween for the weekend, one easy way to get everything you need in one simple kit is with MAKE UP FOR EVER. MAKE UP FOR EVER’S Make Up Tricks & Treats boxed set includes four must-have products to create the perfect Genie, Kitten and Fairy.  Get the look application steps and face charts are included on the back of each box to help you create the Halloween look of your choice like a pro.

What’s Included:

Highlight your eyes and cheeks with Aqua Cream, a highly pigmented, waterproof cream color. Formulated with mother-of-pearl particles, it gives rich color with a luminous finish in just one application. Define your look with Aqua Eyes, an award winning, long lasting eye liner. Its waterproof, smudge-proof and fade-proof formula stays put. Apply it as a defined line, smudge it for a smoky look or create a character specific design. Add multi-dimensional sparkle with Glitter, and complete your look with added drama using Faux Lashes.  Use all four products together or separately to enhance your Halloween look.


Rodan + Fields ANTI-AGE AMP MD System

I am all for anti-aging treatments. I try them all. This one with NEEDLES intrigued me probably more than any other – or at least lately. Needles, I say “yes”. This is one of those tools that are normally used only in Doctors’ offices, so this is a first for at home treatment. Groundbreaking!

The Doctors behind the famous Proactive line of products. Dr. Katie Rodan and Dr. Kathy Fields, have another winner on their hands with this ANTI-AGE AMP MD System.

With their years of combined work, they realize that one of the greatest roadblocks to transforming skin through topical products is the limited penetration of ingredients through the skin’s outermost protective layer. Getting deeper into the layers of skin has not been possible at home, until now. ANTI-AGE AMP MD is the solution, as it is a micro-channeling tool based on medical-grade rollers used by dermatologists. The AMP MD roller is a non-abrasive instrument with embedded surgical-grade, acupuncture-type, stainless steel micro needles which painlessly create precise micro-channels in the uppermost skin layers.  This allows a deeper, more uniform and effective delivery of ingredients in the Rodan + Fields ANTI-AGE Regimen.

The ANTI-AGE Regimen is a four-product, daily system that layers potent doses of dermatology-proven active cosmetics to combat skin aging from various angles. It is meant to be used at night and followed by ANTI-AGE Overnight Restorative Cream to close and fortify skin’s barrier while you sleep.  In the morning complexion is smooth, supple and resilient.  By combining the AMP MD System with the ANTI-AGE Regimen, lines and wrinkles are reduced, pore size is less noticeable, and collagen production is increased so that elasticity and firmness is greatly enhanced.

Looking at the tool, I was hesitant, but only for a second as I rolled it over my hand and felt nothing as the superfine needles ran over my skin. I studied the instructions and learned the patterns in which to use the tool, and started using this every night on my face. It only added an extra minute to my routine, but a minute well worth it as I started seeing my skin looking more firm and smooth within a few weeks.  Overall, my skin feels softer and I swear my brown patches that I have been working on for months now, have faded more quickly after I started using the tool as well.

As this tool is medical grade and is made with needles, it needs to be cared for properly. The initial kit comes with everything necessary to properly keep it clean, and this is all described in the instructions which I recommend reading carefully.

ANTI-AGE AMP MD System is available right now at the Rodan & Fields website, where you can learn more in-depth information on it as well. It sells for $200, but I bet we will soon see infomercials with special offers and pricing, so keep a look out.


What are Tonsil Stones?

When many people think of “stones” in the body, the first reaction is to think of kidney or gall bladder stones.  Tonsil stones, or to be more medically accurate they are known as  tonsilloliths, are deposits of calcium and other minerals that form on or inside of the tonsils.  “Calculus of the tonsils” is another phrase that is often associated with tonsil stones.  These calcium-rich deposits are often white or yellow in color and develop over the course of days and weeks.  Tonsilloliths often contain more than just calcium.  These other ingredients include small food particles, cells that have died, bacteria, and fungus.  If left untreated these hardened calcium formations can and will often continue to grow with each day.

Tonsil stones are often directly responsible for causing halitosis, or more commonly known as bad breath.  They very rarely cause any more serious medical issue unless the stone is left untreated and grows larger.  A large enough tonsil stone can cause difficulty in swallowing and inflammation of the tonsils.  The larger they are allowed to grow, the more difficult the tonsil stones are to treat and remove.  A better option for tonsil stones is to prevent them from forming.

Common Signs and Symptoms

Visible signs of tonsil stones are easy to recognize once the calcified formations on the tonsils grow larger.  The formations are easily visible on the tonsils and may look like white spots on the tonsils in the infant stages of growth.

Symptoms can include a range of issues, but some of the most common include:

Halitosis – As mentioned above, halitosis is just a medical term for bad breath.  This symptom usually becomes worse as the tonsil stones grow in size.  While not a medical emergency, this is an embarrassing symptom and can be difficult to overcome.  Usual remedies like brushing teeth, using mouthwash, and chewing gum might slightly help improve the bad breath for a short time

Problems Swallowing –as tonsil stones grow in size, they can become large enough to obstruct the pathway of food from being swallowed into the throat.

Ear Pains and Itching of the Ear – Another less common observable sign of tonsils stones is itching of your ears or constant earaches. This is directly related because tonsil stones can cause inflammations at the back of your throat, which is physiologically connected to the inner parts of your ears.

Other less noticeable symptoms of tonsil stones might include coughing (sometimes coughing up small debris), pain in the neck, and issues related to swallowing that might include feelings of choking.  These symptoms will become more noticeable and prominent as the calcium deposits grow and become more visible in the back of the throat.

If you have struggled with calcium stones in the past or currently experiencing these symptoms, preventing further outbreaks is the key to fighting this disease.

Tonsil stones –Health Guidances
How to remove tonsil stones –Health Guides Daily


Get Started With a Weight Loss Plan

The holidays are a festive time.  “This the season to eat, drink and be merry.” But it’s also a time to reflect on personal evaluation, self improvement, and resolutions.

You may be looking to improve your health and gearing up to eat better and lose weight. Way to go!  But how do you get started and choose the best approach.

Besides feeling run down and sluggish, we all know obesity is unhealthy and there are secondary complications in individuals who are overweight. Excessive weight can increase the likelihood of developing diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, osteoarthritis, and certain types of cancer.

Many are asking “I want to lose weight but have no idea where to start. What should I do?” Read on…and I hope to answer this question.

This is a very informative article from the WebMD Feature Archive.

Getting Started With a Weight Loss Plan

Before you try to make any changes to your habits, first you need to see where you are right now. Find out what your body mass index (BMI) is. See how it compares to a healthy weight. Start keeping a record of what you eat each day and how much exercise you get.

Once you start writing it down, you may learn things you never knew about your habits. You could be drinking five pops a day and have no idea. Taking stock of where you are now gives you a sense of what needs to change.

When it comes to weight loss, it’s calories that count. Weight loss comes down to burning more calories that you take in.

Weight-loss basics

Your weight is a balancing act, and calories are part of that equation. Fad diets may promise you that counting carbs or eating a mountain of grapefruit will make the pounds drop off.

You can do that by reducing extra calories from food and beverages and increasing calories burned through physical activity. Once you understand that equation, you’re ready to set your weight-loss goals and make a plan for reaching them. Remember, you don’t have to do it alone.

Read this article….Weight Loss: The No-Diet Approach, by Melissa Conrad Stöppler. Melissa is an MD, who is a U.S. board-certified anatomic pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of experimental and molecular pathology.

Introduction to weight loss

Remembering the following simple guidelines and putting them into practice can lead to weight loss without the aid of any special diet plans, books, or medications. Our body weight is determined by the amount of energy that we take in as food and the amount of energy we expend in the activities of our day.

Energy is measured in calories. If your weight remains constant, you are probably taking in the same amount of calories that you burn each day. If you’re slowly gaining weight over time, it is likely that your caloric intake is greater than the number of calories you burn through your daily activities.

With the New Year right around the corner it is time to stop feeling overwhelmed by the thought of losing weight and embrace the  fact that you will be healthier,  so… enjoy the process.


La Mer SPF 18 Fluid Tint

I thought that the new SPF 30 Sheer Color Tinted Moisturizer from Stila was going to be my tinted moisturizer for this Summer, but I may be wrong. I am currently obsessed with the new one from La Mer. It is La Mer The SPF18 Fluid Tint.

Combining it’s almost miraculous skincare formula with a must wear sunscreen and a subtle tint, not only does this tint give your skin a bit of a very natural sun-kissed glow, but it is moisturizing and protecting from the sun.

Fluid Tint absorbs instantly into the skin leaving, while gliding over effortlessly. The color is real and natural, available in three shades: Light, Medium, and Dark. I was using the light shade, but now with a bit of a faux tan, the medium shade blends well with my skin tone.

Like all of the La Mer products, this is far from ordinary.  The company’s infamous formula, gemstones absorb light energy transforming it into beneficial “green light” to boost it’s anti-oxidant properties.  It also contains photonic spheres that redirect and diffuse light, while light-reactive seaweeds impart natural humectant properties to keep skin moisturized, thus preventing dehydration.

A 1.7 oz. of the SPF18 Fluid Tint is $65, available at La Mer counters  in Saks Fifth Avenue, Neiman Marcus, Bergdorf Goodman, and online at


Chronic Bronchitis And Smoking

What is Chronic Bronchitis?

Chronic bronchitis is a lung infection that persists over the course of several years and it is contagious for patients. Additionally, this is a chronic inflammatory condition in the lungs that causes the airways leading to the lungs (respiratory passages) to be irritated and swollen. This causes thick mucus to form, which damages the lungs. Additionally, Chronic Bronchitis is one type of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).

The Main Cause of Chronic Bronchitis is smoking 

About  90% of the over seven (7.5)  million person living the the United States, who have chronic bronchitis have been cigarette smokers. Smoking causes most cases of chronic bronchitis, however not everyone  who smoke get chronic bronchitis, so there must be other factors at work. A few Medical professionals stated that “There is probably a genetic component that puts someone at greater risk for chronic bronchitis if they smoke”. We all know that smoking is dangerous however, if you have a family history of chronic bronchitis,smoking is extremely dangerous.

Quit Smoking

The longer you smoke:

  • The chances of your lungs recovery reduces
  •  you are reducing your life expectancy
  • The chances of bronchitis being treated reduces
  • The greater the risk for emphysema, heart disease, and lung cancer

Is Bronchitis Contagious –


What is an Ultrasound Technician?

Also known as ultrasonographers or sonographers, ultrasound technicians work in a variety of fields with specialty equipment to produce images of structures inside the body. The equipment emits inaudible high frequency sound waves that penetrate harmlessly into body tissues, and records the varying reverberations of the sound waves to create an accurate picture of the patient’s body. This sound imaging machinery works in a similar way as radar technology that is used to map ocean floors, except that ultrasound equipment is utilized to map the human body. Specialty areas of the job include using the equipment on the patient’s abdominal area, obstetrics and gynecology for female reproductive health, echocardiography for heart-related issues, nuerosonology for inspection of the brain and spinal cord, and opthalmology for looking at the patient’s eyes and correlating muscles.

Ultrasonographers are responsible for preparing patients for the ultrasound procedure as well as performing the procedure itself. Typically, ultrasonographers explain the procedure to the patient and note any conditions that are relevant to the ultrasound reading. For example, if a patient is scheduled for a mammogram, the patient’s family history of breast cancer as well as self-examination results is recorded. Usually, a gel is applied to the patient’s skin to aid the transmission of the sound waves so that a more accurate image may be obtained. As the images shows up on the equipment’s screen, ultrasonographers examine it for evidence of abnormalities in the patient’s tissues. Some images are then stored for the physician’s records. In addition to these duties, ultrasound technicians are often also in charge of managing and maintaining the equipment they use.

Those looking to join the ultrasound technician field must obtain at least a two-year Associate’s degree from a technician school that is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP), according to the Lancaster General College of Nursing & Health Sciences. To gain admission to an ultrasound program, applicants must have at least a high school diploma, and most programs prefer students who have a strong background in math, science, or any other healthcare-related subjects. The training program prepares future ultrasonographers with education on anatomy, physiology, physics, equipment use, and medical ethics. Those who are already working in the health care, such as registered nurses, may take a one-year certification course to bolster their marketability in the field.

Upon completion of the program, students can register as professional ultrasonographers with the American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography (ARDMS), a standard for employment widely accepted in health care facilities across the country. The average salary for ultrasonographers was $57,160 a year in May 2006, according to the most recent information available from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. However, most ultrasound technician salaries vary based on the specialty field in which the technician works, as well as the technician’s experience in the health care industry.

Lear more information here on how to become an ultrasound technician.