Pneumonia is a disease that affects the lung. It is an inflammatory characteristic which includes the parenchyma becoming inflamed and the alveolar being filled with fluids. These conditions are called consolidation and exudation. Alveoli are sacs filled with air and works in the gaseous exchange within the lungs. Pneumonia can be caused by infection related to bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses. Pneumonia can also be caused by injury to the lungs, both physical and chemical. Sometimes, the cause of Pneumonia is unknown.
Symptoms of Pneumonia are chest pains, fever, breathing difficulty and coughing. Detecting it can be done with tools like x-rays and sputum exams. The most common cause of pneumonia, bacteria, can be treated with antibiotics. For the viral infection see the question at here: is pneumonia really contagious?
Pneumonia can affect children, young adults and aged people. It affects all age groups and symptoms of pneumonia are mostly common. It is also the leading cause of death among the young and the old. Pneumonia can also decrease the chances of survival in the ill.
There are many vaccines in the market which can prevent a few types of pneumonia. These are less affective once the symptoms of pneumonia occur. The outcome of pneumonia will depend on the type of pneumonia, the treatment used to fight the disease and the patient health.
Symptoms Of Pneumonia
The symptoms of pneumonia depends on the cause of the pneumonia but most forms of pneumonia have a few symptoms in common. Coughing, chest pain, chills, lack of breath or fever are common symptoms of pneumonia.
There are many forms of pneumonia –
In the case of bacteria, the symptoms of pneumonia arise quickly. These symptoms can be quite severe or increase in severity rapidly. The symptoms include:
- Chills including teeth chattering
- Excessive sweating
- Increase in breathing rate
- Increase in pulse
- Blue lips and/or nails due to the decrease of oxygen
- Chest pain in most cases, quite severe
- Green or yellow colored mucus. In some cases, they will have blood in them
In the case of virus, the symptoms of pneumonia arise quickly. These symptoms most lasts for a short period and are not very severe. But the influenza virus is very deadly for elderly people. The symptoms include:
- Muscle Pain
In the case of mycoplasmal, the symptoms of pneumonia are mild but in some cases severe. This is the most widely spreading form of the disease in people under the age of 40. It spreads through families and communities quite rapidly. The symptoms include :
- Sore Throats
- Dry Cough
- Muscle Pain
- Rashes (not that often)